Music of Germany - Wikipedia. Germany claims some of the most renowned composers, producers and performers of the world. Germany is the largest music market in Europe, and third largest in the world.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (also recognized as Austrian) was among the composers who created the field of German opera. One of the most famous film score composers is Hans Zimmer. German popular music of the 2.
Category:German pop music groups. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musical groups from Germany. This category has the following 3 subcategories. German pop music group navigational boxes A brief summary of German rock music by Piero Scaruffi excerpted from The History. Hits that reflected the zeitgeist include: Trio's metaphysical anthem.
Neue Deutsche Welle (Nena, Alphaville), Disco (Boney M., Modern Talking, Dschinghis Khan, Milli Vanilli, Bad Boys Blue), Metal/Rock (Rammstein, Scorpions, Accept, Helloween), Punk (Die . Famous female singers were Marlene Dietrich and Hildegard Knef. German Electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk being a pioneer group in this genre. The Rock am Ring festival and the Wacken Open Air are among the largest in the world. Since about 1. 99. German capital Berlin has developed a diverse music and entertainment industry. Minnesingers and Meistersingers.
Minnesingers were aristocrats traveling from court to court who had become musicians, and their work left behind a vast body of literature, Minnelieder. The following two centuries saw the minnesingers replaced by middle- class meistersingers, who were often master craftsmen in their main profession, whose music (meistergesang) was much more formalized and rule- based than that of the minnesingers.
Minnesingers and meistersingers could be considered parallels of French troubadours and trouv. He incorporated folk styles from the Alpine regions in his compositions. He made some primitive forays into polyphony as well. Walther von der Vogelweide and Reinmar von Hagenau are probably the most famous minnesingers from this period. Classical music. Many of the best classical musicians such as Bach, Handel, Haydn, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Wagner, Mahler, or Schoenberg (a lineage labeled the . At the beginning of the 1.
German classical music was revolutionized by Oswald von Wolkenstein, who travelled across Europe learning about classical traditions, spending time in countries like France and Italy. He brought back some techniques and styles to his homeland, and within a hundred years, Germany had begun producing composers renowned across the continent. Among the first of these composers was the organist Conrad Paumann.
The largest summer festival for classical music in Germany is the Schleswig- Holstein Musik Festival. Chorale. Protestant chorales predominated; in contrast to Catholic music, chorale was vibrant and energetic.
Composers included Dieterich Buxtehude, Heinrich Sch. Luther happened to accompany his sung hymns with a lute, later recreated as the waldzither that became a national instrument of Germany in the 2. An earlier starting date for German opera, however, could be Heinrich Sch. Wagner introduced devices like the leitmotiv, a musical theme which recurs for important characters or ideas.
Wagner (and Weber) based his operas of German history and folklore, most importantly including the Ring of the Nibelung (1. Into the 2. 0th century, opera composers included Richard Strauss (Der Rosenkavalier) and Engelbert Humperdinck, who wrote operas meant for young audiences. Across the border in Austria, Arnold Schoenberg innovated a form of twelve- tone music that used rhythm and dissonance instead of traditional melodies and harmonies, while Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht collaborated on some of the great works of German theater, including Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny and The Three- Penny Opera. Following the war, German composers like Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Werner Henze began experimenting electronic sounds in classical music. Germany is also very well known for its many subsidised opera houses, such as Semperoper, Munich State Theatre and the Bayreuth Festspielhaus. Baroque period. It originated in Northern Italy at the end of the 1. Germany, which was one of the most active centers of early Baroque music.
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Early German Baroque composers included Heinrich Sch. The culmination of the Baroque era was undoubtedly in the work of Johann Sebastian Bach in the first half of the 1. Bach established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and adapted rhythms, forms, and textures from Italy and France. Bach wrote numerous Baroque works, including preludes, cantatas, fugues, concertos for harpsichord, violin and wind, orchestral suites, the Brandenburg Concertos, St Matthew Passion, St John Passion and the Christmas Oratorio. Bach's contemporaries included Georg Philipp Telemann and Georg Friedrich H. Later that century, Vienna's Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart emerged, mixing German and Italian traditions into his own style.
Mozart was a prolific and influential composer who composed over 6. He is among the most popular of classical composers, and his influence on subsequent Western art music is profound; Ludwig van Beethoven composed his own early works in the shadow of Mozart. Romantic era. Beethoven, a student of Haydn's in Vienna, used unusually daring harmonies and rhythm and composed numerous pieces for piano, violin, symphonies, chamber music, string quartets and an opera. Schubert created a field of artistic, romantic poetry and music called lied; his lieder cycles included Die sch.
His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works (mainly Lieder), seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music and a large body of chamber and piano music. He is ranked among the greatest composers of the late Classical era and early Romantic era. Early in the 1. 9th century, a composer by the name of Richard Wagner was born. He is credited with developing leitmotivs which were simple recurring themes found in his operas. Carl Maria von Weber was a composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist. His operas. Der Freisch.
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Felix Mendelssohn was a composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. He was particularly well received in Britain as a composer, conductor and soloist.
He wrote symphonies, concerti, oratorios, piano music and chamber music. Robert Schumann was a composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1.
Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Johannes Brahms honored the music pioneered by Mozart and Beethoven and advanced his music into a Romantic idiom, in the process creating bold new approaches to harmony and melody. The later 1. 9th century saw Vienna continue its elevated position in European classical music, as well as a burst of popularity with Viennese waltzes.
These were composed by people like Johann Strauss the Younger. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier and Salome; his lieder, especially his Four Last Songs; and his tone poems. Strauss, along with Gustav Mahler, represents the late flowering of German Romanticism after Richard Wagner, in which pioneering subtleties of orchestration are combined with an advanced harmonic style. In Vienna, Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils Alban Berg and Anton Webern moved along an increasingly avant- garde path, pioneering atonal music in 1. Meanwhile, composers in Berlin took a more populist route, from the cabaret- like socialist operas of Kurt Weill to the Gebrauchsmusik of Paul Hindemith. In Munich there was also Carl Orff, who was influenced by the French Impressionist composer Claude Debussy.
He began to use colorful, unusual combinations of instruments in his orchestration. His most popular work is Carmina Burana.
Many composers emigrated to the United States when the Nazi Party came to power, including Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Erich Korngold. During this period, the Nazi Party embarked on a campaign to rid Germany of so- called degenerate art, which became a catch- all phrase that included music with any link to Jews, Communists, jazz, and anything else thought to be dangerous.
Some figures such as Karl Amadeus Hartmann remained defiantly in Germany during the years of Nazi dominance, continually watchful of how their output might be interpreted by the authorities. After the dissolution of the Third Reich, musicians were also subjected to the Allied policy of denazification. But here, the supposed non- political nature of music was able to excuse many, including Wilhelm Furtw. They both claimed to have concentrated mainly on music and to have ignored politics, but also to have conducted pieces in ways that were meant to be .
In the 6. 0s and 7. Darmstadt New Music Summer School was a major center of European modernism; German composers such as Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Werner Henze and non- German ones such as Pierre Boulez and Luciano Berio all studied there. In contrast, composers in East Germany were advised to avoid the avant- garde and to compose music in keeping with the tenets of Socialist Realism. Hans Werner Henze largely dissociated himself from the Darmstadt school in favour of a more lyrical approach, and remains perhaps Germany's most lauded contemporary composer. Although he had lived outside the country since the 1. Germanic musical tradition. Folk music. Much of the 2.
German culture appropriated for the ruling powers (who fought . Inspired by American and English roots revivals, Germany underwent many of the same changes following the 1. West Germany, and new songs, featuring political activism and realistic joy, sadness and passion, were written and performed on the burgeoning folk scene. In East Germany, the same process did not begin until the mid- 7. Popular folk songs included emigration songs from the 1.
Wolfgang Steinitz. Beginning in 1. 97. Festival des politischen Liedes, an East German festival focusing on political songs, was held annually and organized (until 1.
FDJ (East German youth association).
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